Science Questions

The activity of Panta Rhei aims to address the following science questions:

Science question 1 (SQ1, Target 1)

“What are the key gaps in our understanding of hydrologic change?”

Science question 2 (SQ2, Cross-cutting targets)

“How do changes in hydrological systems interact with and feedback on natural and social systems driven by hydrological processes?”

Science question 3 (SQ3, Cross-cutting targets)

“What are the boundaries of coupled hydrological and societal systems? What are the external drivers and internal system properties of change? How can boundary conditions be defined for the future?”

Science question 4 (SQ4, Target 2 and 3)

“How can we use improved knowledge of coupled hydrological-social systems to improve model predictions, including estimation of predictive uncertainty and assessment of predictability?”

Science question 5 (SQ5, Cross-cutting targets)

“How can we advance our monitoring and data analysis capabilities to predict and manage hydrologic change?”

Science question 6 (SQ6, Target 3)

“How can we support societies to adapt to changing conditions by considering the uncertainties and feedbacks between natural and human-induced hydrologic changes?”

The science questions of Panta Rhei are both rooted in the fundamental concepts of hydrology and focused on society and environmental management. They propose a compelling synthesis between basic and applied research. Panta Rhei focuses on science for society.

Targets of Panta Rhei

1. Understanding
2. Estimation and prediction
3. Science in practice